My brother Doug and I have been designing, testing and periodically operating submarines of our own making since 1983.  My name is Russell Canfield.  Our first two submarine companies went under, no pun intended, for several reasons, but never our passion for exploration and raw discovery.  Our ambient-pressured ​fugusub design evolved with hands-on experience from building nine subs between our first two companies.  In Fugusub, LLC we have built three more subs, which perform superbly.  The world is ready for these.

Submarines are far more exciting to operate than to build.  We have no desire to become functioning manufacturers, though diverse interest in our subs continues to grow, which we document.  The appearance of two of our subs on H2 Channel's syndicated show "America Unearthed" has generated inquiries from all over the world, every time it has played.  In the future we may seek a manufacturer when we are ready.  Our "News" section can keep interested parties updated on a number of topics.

Freshwater exploration has proven to be our favorite medium.  Whether piloting around a specific destination or roving for miles, things are found, great and small, old and new, often unexpectedly. The shocking beauty and diversity of America's inland waters and seas is nothing less than magnificent and far less known.  Hidden and lost histories are everywhere, with a smorgasbord of wildlife that is as exotic as anything coming out of the Amazon or Africa's Rift Lakes.  We wish to elevate awareness for the plight and very existence of lesser known species and habitats. Some are in real trouble.  People will not make much of a focused effort to protect something that they know nothing about.

We watch with great concern as many fresh waters are assaulted with invasive species of plants and animals.  New and shifting equilibriums are under way, where man's intervention can tilt favor towards many native species survival.  Water use and abuse issues need to be addressed.  Billions of fisheries dollars are at stake, along with the very survival of many aquatic environments.

Three years of weekly volunteer work with sturgeon at Mote Marine Laboratories' Mote Aquaculture Park in Florida yielded some state-of-the-art insights as to what can be done.  Life-long interests in aquariums and terrariums led to captive breeding of ten species of turtles and tortoises, many more cichlids, some frogs, salamanders and lizards.  Through the years we have seen some of the excellent work done in Michigan and Florida by state, tribal, federal and private sector fisheries and individuals.  Aquaculture appears to be one of the great solutions, but there are others.  

Habitat restoration is surging forward with great success.  We wish to look at some work being done in the Great Lakes region for sturgeon and more.  Sturgeons are estimated to be at 1% of their former numbers.  This leaves a fantastic potential for restoration.  A massive effort to restock everything from shellfish to "feeder" fish for the great schools of fish to feed on should be expedited.

Flying in, around and over many miles of weed beds of differing sizes, shapes and densities has allowed us to observe many things.  Large and diverse weed beds are the answer for native species.  The young can hide and invasive species seem to "thin out"  or disappear altogether towards the interiors, where our native "tough guys" often protect their domains with great ferocity and appetite.  This is not the case with small or thin weed beds.  Massive weed beds should be created in the vast, shallow underwater deserts of the Great Lakes.  Such efforts could increase our fisheries yields by thousands of percents.  More needs to be done, including efforts to control some carp populations which can eat 30-40% of their weight per day in plants, as well as the rusty crayfish, that snip plants down at the base in mass. 

The refitting and reconfiguration of our dry sub will have its challenges, as significant changes will be made.  This will take time and money.  Greater depth capabilities will allow us to look at some ancient sites of man that few know of.  We have some really interesting places to look at, including locations that were occupied by man that were last dry 7,800 to 10,000 years ago.  We are fascinated with finding both Native American sites as well as those of other cultures.  Centuries, if not millennia of man's past is still out there, much of it from Michigan's ancient copper trade.  We hope to investigate some very tactical areas of that ancient trade.  2016 will be exciting as we pursue some undisclosed business interests. 


This toy sub and a long lost similar yellow one definitely influenced me at two and a half years old.

Fiona, my urban emu for 19 years, can run 28 mph on turf.  This true theropod is a surviving dinosaur. Her kindness, loyalty, intelligence, intuition and kooky sense of humor are unbelievable.  To me, she has proven herself to be a divine soul.